It’s very common for one to be infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV). In fact it’s estimated that over 20 million people in the United States are infected with the virus.

Although, there is no cure for HPV, the infection brought about by the virus usually clears on its own. If it does not clear on its own, there are a number of treatment options that you can go with:

HPV treatment for abnormal cells

If the HPV infection has caused abnormal cell changes there are four main treatment options that you can go with:

• Cryotherapy: this one involves freezing of abnormal cells in liquid nitrogen.

• Conization: also known as cone biopsy, the procedure removes abnormal areas of the skin.

• Loop Electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP): the procedure removes abnormal cells using an electric current.

• In some cases the doctor can recommend that you wait and see if the condition will heal on its own.

HPV treatment for genital warts

Genital warts associated with HPV are put in different categories. For example, they can be raised or flat, small or large, pink or flesh. Just like they are categorized differently, warts have different methods of treatment.

When the treatment is indicated, the doctor usually prescribes creams that you can go and apply at home. Here two main creams are prescribed: Podofilox and Imiquimod.

Podofilox is usually used for four weeks and works by destroying the wart tissue. A number of research studies have shown that the cream aids in clearing 45%-90% of the warts.

Imiquimod on the other hand fights the virus thus it boosts the immune system. The clearance rates of the cream range from 70% to 85%.

Other than creams, the doctor can also prescribe a number of wart-removal treatments. Some of the most effective treatments are: cryotherapy, trichloracetic acid, surgical removal of the warts, laser vaporization, and electrocautery.

You should note that smaller warts usually respond better than the larger ones. Also warts on moist surfaces tend to respond better to topical treatments than those on drier surfaces.